Alzheimers Home > What Is Nontreatable Dementia?Non-Treatable Dementia
Although a number of diseases can cause dementia, Alzheimer's disease is by far the most common. More than one-half of all dementia cases are caused by Alzheimer's disease. The second most common cause of dementia is multi-infarct dementia, which is a type of vascular dementia.
Other types of dementia that currently have no cure include:
- Lewy body dementia
- Binswanger's disease
- Frontotemporal dementia
- Corticobasal degeneration
- Certain conditions that can cause childhood dementia
- HIV-associated dementia
- Other infections within the brain, such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
- Huntington's disease and other rare hereditary dementias
- Head trauma, such as dementia pugilistica (also known as boxer's syndrome).
Other conditions that can cause dementia or dementia-like symptoms include:
- Parkinson's disease or multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Heart and lung problems
- Anoxia or hypoxia (conditions in which the brain's oxygen supply is either reduced or cut off entirely).
Although dementia is common in very elderly individuals, it is not a normal part of the aging process.