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More Conditions Associated With Dementia

Dementia Pugilistica
Dementia pugilistica, also called chronic traumatic encephalopathy or boxer's syndrome, is caused by head trauma, such as that experienced by people who have been punched many times in the head during boxing. Common symptoms of dementia pugilistica are dementia and parkinsonism, which can appear many years after the trauma ends. Affected individuals may also develop poor coordination and slurred speech.
 
Corticobasal Degeneration
Corticobasal degeneration is a progressive disorder characterized by nerve cell loss and atrophy of multiple areas of the brain.
 
Initial symptoms of dementia, which typically begin at or around age 60, may first appear on one side of the body, but will eventually affect both sides. Some of the symptoms of corticobasal degeneration are similar to those found in Parkinson's disease.
 
In addition to dementia, symptoms can include:
 
  • Poor coordination and rigidity
  • Memory loss
  • Visual-spatial problems
  • Apraxia (loss of the ability to make familiar, purposeful movements)
  • Hesitant and halting speech
  • Myoclonus (involuntary muscular jerks)
  • Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing).
 
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
People with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease may initially experience:
 
  • Problems with muscular coordination
  • Personality changes, including impaired memory, judgment, and thinking
  • Impaired vision
  • Insomnia
  • Depression.
 
As the illness progresses, people with the disease:
 
  • Experience mental impairment that becomes severe
  • Often develop myoclonus
  • May go blind
  • Eventually lose the ability to move and speak, and go into a coma
  • May develop pneumonia and other infections, which can lead to death.
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Information on Dementia

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