Typically, round-the-clock care is required for people with dementia. This may involve assistance with routine activities such as eating and bathing, as well as making the house safe, reducing stress, and providing mental stimulation that may slow the progression of symptoms. Caregivers should ensure that people with dementia do not drive.
People with moderate and advanced dementia typically need round-the-clock care and supervision to prevent them from harming themselves or others. They may also need assistance with daily activities such as eating, bathing, and dressing. Meeting these needs requires patience, understanding, and careful thought from the person's caregivers.
For people involved with dementia care, there are some important things to consider. These include such things as:
- Making the home safe
- Helping to reduce stressors
- Providing mental stimulation.
Good dementia care always involves the issue of driving. One of the hardest things to do is to take away a person's independence that comes with driving. However, for a number of reasons that we will explain later, people with dementia should not drive.
A typical home environment can present many dangers and obstacles to people with dementia, but simple changes can overcome many of these problems. For example, sharp knives, dangerous chemicals, tools, and other hazards should be removed or locked away. Other safety precautions include:
- Installing bed and bathroom safety rails
- Removing locks from bedroom and bathroom doors
- Lowering the hot water temperature to 120°F (48.9°C) or less to reduce the risk of accidental scalding.
People with dementia should also wear some form of identification at all times in case they wander away or become lost. Caregivers can help prevent unsupervised wandering by adding locks or alarms to outside doors.